‘Snow’ Big Deal: Understanding the Actual Weight of Snow on Your Roof

Snow on Roof Winter means snow, and here in Pennsylvania it can mean a lot of snow. This snow, particularly if it is wet and heavy, can mean problems for the roofs on buildings and homes. Fortunately, there’s a calculation that’s done when building roofs that takes snow into account.

The East Stroudsburg area receives nearly 40 inches of snow each year, according to Sperling’s Best Places. As this snow piles up on roofs, it can become very heavy. In some cases, the snow load may exceed what the roof can safely support, which can result in costly structural damage to the building.

Roof snow load is calculated using a formula to determine how much the snow weighs per square foot. This formula is used when designing roofs to ensure that the materials used and construction methods can support the additional seasonal weights, but this same formula can give you an idea of how much the snow on your roof actually weighs.

The formula starts with the ground snow load, which can be determined by carefully collecting snow from the ground to be weighed. Snow in the Pennsylvania area can weigh 30 pounds per square foot or more. Wet snow, or repeated melting and freezing cycles, can increase the weight per square foot, although typically more snow blows off on a roof.

The second step in the formula is to consider the exposure of the roof. Values are assigned based on whether the roof is completely exposed or is sheltered by trees or other structures. The more exposed your roof is, the more snow will be carried away by wind and the more sun will strike your roof after the storm clears, improving the speed of melting.

The third step involves calculating the thermal factor for the roof. The thermal factor will vary depending on whether the building is heated or unheated. Last, you must calculate the roof slope factor. Roofs with a steeper pitch are able to withstand more snow because the snow tends to slide off the roof quickly.

The roof snow load can be calculated by multiplying 0.7 x Ground Snow Load x Exposure Factor x Thermal Factor x Roof Slope Factor.

The easiest and safest way to make sure your roof will be safe this winter is to contact a roofing professional. Having your roof inspected periodically is the only way to be sure it is in good condition and ready for winter weather and is the best way to identify early signs of structural issues or leaks that could allow moisture to get inside and damage your structure.

At Roofing by Bruce, we know what winter is like in Pennsylvania. We can perform an inspection on your roof and alert you to any potential issues before they become a larger problem. Contact us today by calling 570-424-7250 to learn more about our services or to schedule a roof inspection for your home or business.

A Strong Hurricane Season Predicted – Is Your Roof Ready?

Late summer and early fall is often a time to think of last-minute summer getaways, fall festivities and preparation for the coming winter. It is also a time to think about hurricanes.

Hurricane SeasonThe full hurricane season lasts from June 1 through Nov. 30, but the peak of the season is usually from about mid-August through October, says the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The administration’s researchers are now predicting a strong hurricane season, according to the Asbury Park Press. Is your roof ready?

Hurricanes cause an estimated $28 billion in damage each year, and the amount of damage from these storms is expected to increase in the coming years, according to the U.S. Congressional Budget Office. Most of this damage is caused by flooding and high winds that damage windows, siding and roofs. While there is no way of knowing in advance how many hurricanes will actually make landfall or if the path the storms take will lead them to our region, there are steps that property owners can take to reduce their risk when a storm does hit.

Roofs are often damaged or destroyed during hurricanes and other severe storms. Once a roof is damaged, it may allow water into the building as well, causing considerable damage to the building and contents before an emergency repair can be made.

The best way to protect your home or business from damage during a hurricane is to have a professional inspection performed in advance. Some roof problems are obvious and easy to spot, but other signs require a thorough inspection by a trained and experienced professional. Identifying weak spots or trouble areas before a storm can cause damage can save money and a lot of trouble.

The professionals at Roofing by Bruce are experienced in inspecting, repairing and installing roofs that will stand up to harsh weather. Call us today at 570-424-7250 to learn more about our roofing services or to schedule a roof inspection.

Handling Summer Storms – What to Look for After Hail

Summer is the favorite season of many people thanks to the beautiful weather and warm temperatures. As enjoyable as summer can be, however, it can also stir up some dangerous and potentially damaging weather conditions that can cause costly repairs and damage.

Hail is a unique form of precipitation that might look innocent in size, but can actually create major damage to your roofing system. As durable as a roof may be, hail can be pretty destructive, causing minor shingle damage or worse, depending on the style and construction of your roof. Severe hailstorms occur all throughout the country, and if one passes over your home or business, there are a few things you might want to check once the skies clear to ensure your roof lasts for as long as it’s intended to.

Hail Damage on RoofWhat to Look For

  • Dented vents, exhaust caps or other fixtures on your roof
    – These exposed components on your roof lack any protection, meaning that hail is striking directly, making them most vulnerable to hail damage.
  • Damaged sealing strips
    – If hail wears away or damages any sealant, this can allow water to begin wearing away the bond and seep into your home or business, leading to a leaky roof in the matter of a year or two or less.
  • Dings in asphalt shingles
    – Hail impacts can usually be identified on shingles by looking for small circular areas that are typically black in color and soft to the touch. These weak points can begin to degrade faster than other shingles, leading to a less effective roof.
  • Dents in wood shingles
    – Examine wooden shingles for any sections that show signs of damage with no visible pattern or that have splits in shingles that are brown-orange in color. These are generally signs of hail impact and, like asphalt shingles, can lead to a reduced longevity of these sections.


Following a hail storm, it’s best to inspect your roof for any signs of damage, big or small. Whether you inspect your roof yourself or you call on a professional to do the job for you, it’s a smart choice that can save you money down the road if something is actually broken. Identifying any damages early on and making necessary repairs or improvements can help prolong the longevity of your roof, keeping you and your home or business dry and secure.

Keep in mind, the age and condition of your roof, as well as the size of hailstones and intensity of the storm can greatly affect the extent of damage your roof suffers from. If your roof gets pummeled by large hailstones that severely damages its surface, contact Roofing by Bruce for our professional assistance by calling 570-424-7250.

Five Things to Check on Your Roof Before Summer

Summer is a great time of year for most of us, but it can take a toll on your roof. The hot sun can cause more damage on your roof than you may imagine, and it’s important to keep it in the best shape possible during the coming months. Preparation now can help you from having to pay costly repair fees later in the year. Check out these tips to prepare your roof for the summer so that you can take care of your roof.

Clean All Gutters

Make sure all gutters and downspouts are clear of any blockages at the start of summer. After the fall and winter, loose leaves or small twigs could be blocking your roof drainage and now allowing rainwater to not flow off the roof properly, leading to big problems. Even if you think the gutters are clear, go and take a check just to make sure – it’s worth it!

Missing Roof ShinglesInspect Your Roof

While you’re checking the gutters, give a good look over your roof and assess its overall condition. Are any shingles missing? Are there any cracked shingles? If so, replace these as fast as possible. It’s a good idea, too, to take a picture of your roof each spring so you can see if there are any major changes by comparing photos from year to year.


The damage from mold can happen fast, so look for any moldy areas or spots that mold may have already damaged. If you see signs of mold on the surface it could mean that there is an even more substantial growth underneath. Call in a professional immediately to come remove any mold and check for deeper problems before the unwanted mold growth gets worse.

Block Open Spaces

Squirrels, birds and other small animals may want to make their home in your roof. They will find any open space, so make sure all areas are covered. This means looking around any attic accesses or roof vents to make sure they are properly sealed and blocked to prevent any small creatures from getting in.

Check All Sealants

Speaking of seals, while the sun can be rough on your roof, so can water, and improper seals that have been worn away by winter weather or seasons or sun and rain can allow moisture to seep into your home. Check over your roof, around any vents and along the chimney line to make sure there is sealant in good condition. If you see an open spot, fill it immediately as strong summer storms can easy bring a lot of water that can quickly pour in through these caps and lead to damage to your roof’s substructure or even the walls and ceilings inside your home.

The professionals at Roofing by Bruce can help you out, too. As experts in roofing, we can perform a comprehensive roof inspection, looking for signs of problems and offering repair and replacement services to make sure that your roof is ready for the summer ahead. To learn more or to have us come out and check out your home, call us today at 570-424-7250.

Three Benefits of Installing a New Roof

Three Benefits of Installing a New Roof Winter weather can do quite a bit of damage to our homes, and especially to the roof. This can lead to many homeowners going back and forth on whether to install a new roof or not. Before you decide, though, consider three of the major benefits that come with a new roof.


It’s no secret our roof protects us from the weather and other outside disturbances. After a while, though, it starts to break down, which can expose your home to water damage. That can lead to mold growing in places of your home you can’t see, such as the inside of your walls or your attic space. The water can also cause drywall to buckle and paint to peel off the walls, and in extreme instances cause rot in roofing structures, potentially leading to extensive damage. Getting a new roof will give you brand-new protection and go a long way in preventing all this from happening.

Warranty and Guarantee

If you hire Roofing by Bruce to install your new roof, we offer a long-term guarantee on workmanship in addition to the product warranties offered by the manufacturer. Depending on the specific product and maker, this warranty could be a few years or even a lifetime. Backed by our dedication to performing only high-quality work, you can rest easy in knowing that if there is a problem with materials or with the integrity of the performed work, you’re protected from having to make costly repairs or remediations with your warranties and our guarantee.


Roofing by Bruce can also set up a regular maintenance plan to maintain your roofing after it’s installed. This means our team can come out and check for things such as leaks, damage or soft spots on the roof as part of an annual maintenance, and even perform a roof and gutter cleaning to remove leaves, dust, dirt and grime. Properly maintaining your roof will help extend its life and ultimately save you more money in the long run.
Roofing by Bruce offers new roofing installation, roofing repairs and inspections for homes and businesses throughout the Pennsylvania Poconos from their base in East Stroudsburg. To learn more about our roofing services or to set up an appointment, call us today at 570-424-7250.

Importance of Checking Your Roof Each Spring

With spring just around the corner, it means it’s time to start some spring cleaning around the house. However, spring cleaning shouldn’t just stop within the four walls of your home. You should also take time to examine your roof, as well. Although it may not rank as a top priority, taking care of your roof when the seasons change can go a long way to making sure it lasts you for years to come.
Roof InspectionInspecting the roof begins with a visual examination, taking a look over your roof from a position on a ladder or from a higher floor if you have porch or patio roofs, looking for any signs of cracked caulk or rust spots on the flashing. If there is, these could be early warning signs of leaks that could develop, allowing water in and potentially causing damage inside your home.
You should also take a look at your roof’s shingles to see if any are blistering, curling or buckling and, of course, if there are any missing. Winter can be a difficult season for roofs, with cold water freezing and thawing and heavy winds and snows. If you have any problems with your shingles, call a professional like the team at Roofing by Bruce to come out and take a look.
After inspecting the shingles, look around to see if you notice any moss or lichens anywhere on the roof. If by some chance you find some, it could be a sign of underlying decay or moisture retention, which may also be symptomatic of your roof or the substructure needing to be replaced. A roofing professional can give you a better assessment of your individual situation.
Now if you have a fear of heights or are unable to climb a ladder to take a look at your roof, don’t worry. Many of these issues can be spotted from the ground with a simple pair of binoculars. Have a steep roof or other blockage preventing you from getting a good look? Our professionals can also perform a full roofing inspection for you, giving you a review of your roof and letting you know if you have any issues or need to make any repairs.
Roofing by Bruce offers new roofing installation, roofing repairs and inspection services in East Stroudsburg and throughout the Pennsylvania Poconos. Our specialists stay up to date on the latest installation and improvement methods to give you the best possible products and service. To learn more or to schedule an estimate, feel free to call us today at 570-424-7250!

Tips to Prepare Your Roof for Winter

It is that time of year when we start battening down the hatches and prepare to spend a lot of time indoors. Before you head inside for the winter season, it’s important to make sure that everything outdoors is ready to go – including your roof. Roofs can take quite a beating during the winter between the strong winds, heavy snows and ice forming on top. Make sure your roof is ready to go this winter with these few tips.

Look for Damage

Chances are you don’t go up on your roof regularly to inspect it. Make it a point to grab the ladder and go up top to look for any damage. Broken shingles, cracks or visible weak spots are problems best spotted – and repaired – before they result in water damage or structural failures.

GutterInspect Gutters

Make sure your gutters are flowing properly to drain runoff water through them. Remove debris that could have piled up from the fall with leaves clogging them up. You should also check the way your gutters are draining; they should drain away from your home so that the water leaves the area, rather than building up near your foundation. Water draining near the home can re-enter your house through the basement, potentially leading to another costly repair if this damages your foundation, spoils your furnished basement, or allows mold to form in your home.

Walk the Interior of Your Home

Don’t forget to check for signs of water damage or cracking on the inside of your home, too. If you see new cracks appearing in your attic or along ceilings on the top floor, it could be from vulnerabilities in the roof. Water stains can also be a symptom of leaks in your roof, and should be investigated thoroughly to make sure that these problems are found and fixed before they lead to rot, further damage to your ceilings or degradation of your home’s insulation.
Make sure to get out and inspect your home from top to bottom to make sure that you’re ready for the winter. By taking the time to run through the tips we suggested above, you can take care of any potential issues now, instead of in the middle of winter after your small repair turns into a massive issue. If you find problems or just would like a professional opinion of your roof before the flakes fly, contact Roofing by Bruce today!